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How to Stay Safe from Seasonal Influenza!

Introduction;

Hundreds of people were affected by seasonal influenza (swine flu) in different cities last year and dozens of lives were lost, but this year the number of seasonal flu cases has been reduced to some extent thanks to timely measures and precautionary measures by the health department. And has reduced mortality thanks to treatment facilities. The government has declared a state of emergency in hospitals and set up separate emergency isolation medical wards for the diagnosis and treatment of seasonal influenza patients. Where senior medical officers have been deployed and immunizations have been arranged.

Precautionary Measures:

According to health experts, it is imperative that citizens be fully aware of this dangerous disease and take precautionary measures to prevent it. Seasonal influenza is a dangerous but treatable epidemic, which lasts from November to April in Pakistan. Seasonal influenza, formerly known as swine flu, is now known as seasonal influenza (AH1N1).

Cause of this Infection:

It is an infection of the lungs, which is spread by a virus. Contaminated particles are spread by coughing or sneezing of an infected person and can be easily transmitted from one person to another.

It is spread by the breathing of infected patients and spreads by hand to different places, and when a healthy person touches the affected area, the germs enter his body and infect him in two or three days. The reasons for the outbreak of this disease in winter in Pakistan are because nature has disinfected the ultraviolet rays found in sunlight, but in winter because sunlight is very low or its power Decreases. Therefore ultraviolet radiation cannot kill germs. And in cold weather, people spend most of their time in closed rooms to avoid the cold. Meanwhile, coughing or sneezing of an infected person can easily spread the disease to others. In addition, cold weather dries out the air, which dries out the membranes in the airways, and germs can easily infect the respiratory system. In addition, due to the cold weather, the influenza virus stays on everyday items such as towels, handkerchiefs, tissues, door handles, etc. for a long time.

Symptoms Of Seasonal Influenza:

The obvious symptoms of seasonal influenza include difficulty breathing, sudden onset of fever, more dry cough, headache, muscle, and joint pain, sore throat, runny nose, these symptoms are also found in common colds and flu. But the severity of these symptoms is much higher in seasonal influenza. It is clear that the common cold and seasonal influenza are two different diseases and their germs are also different. However, the symptoms of the two are very similar.

In addition, the symptoms of the common cold are mild and they get better quickly. In addition, the common cold and flu have more diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting in children and the elderly. While a qualified physician can differentiate and make a proper diagnosis of these two diseases from history and examination. Seasonal influenza is a treatable disease and carelessness is by no means appropriate, as influenza flu can lead to serious illness and even death.

Treatment:

The seasonal influenza virus causes symptoms in the body within 1 to 4 days and with timely treatment, the disease disappears in about one to three weeks, but it is also important to note that even after recovery, two to three Discharge continues for weeks, coughing and sneezing. That is why both the patient and the patient’s family need to be very careful. People with seasonal influenza should keep a clean cloth or tissue paper over their mouth and nose when they cough or sneeze. In order to prevent the further spread of the virus, the used cloth or tissue paper should be discarded immediately.

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