How do you fix ear barotrauma?


Injuries to the ears are often caused by changes in air or water pressure, which is called barotrauma in medical terms. This can happen during airplane flights or diving. This disease is also called barotitis or aero otitis. This often causes the eardrum to rupture. There is also generalized barotrauma, which can affect the whole body. It is also called decompression.

Parts of Ears:

The ear has three parts:

  • The outer ear
  • Middle ear
  • Inner ear

The middle ear contains the air drum and the back of the ear. Contact of the human body with the outside world, also through the middle ear. This contact connects the ear to the back of the mouth with a thin tube or tube called the Eustachian tube.

How Eustachian Tube Works:

There is a clicking sound in the ear while swallowing something. It is a bubble of air that moves through a permanent esophageal tube, which balances the internal pressure of the ear. When this ear canal is partially or completely closed, barotrauma can occur. Or it could be falling under a diver while scuba diving. The change in pressure creates a gap in the middle ear, which pulls the ear inwards. It hurts, and the ears feel full.

Causes of Pain in Ear:

In the more serious situation of Barotrauma, the middle ear is filled with clean fluid. The body tries to equalize the pressure on both sides of the ear. This fluid then enters the bloodstream from the inner ear, and this only happens when the esophageal tube is open. This condition is called serous otitis media. This causes pain in the middle ear and hearing difficulty. In severe cases, the eardrum may rupture, causing blood or fluid to flow from the ear, and hearing is affected.

Why Barotrauma effects in Cold Season:

Barotrauma is the ears are commonly reported in air travelers and is more likely to have barotrauma during travel to those who have a cold, allergy, or infection. This is common in children because their esophageal tubes are thinner than in adults, and close more easily. In addition to the ears, the lungs also have barotrauma, but air travelers do not have lung barotrauma. Rather, it occurs only occasionally in divers. The diaphragm is an important muscle that supports breathing. When divers hold their breath during diving, the diaphragm moves abruptly in an attempt to “pant”.

This causes a gap in the lungs and results in bleeding in the lung tissue. In this condition, the patient has difficulty breathing, and such patients are placed on a ventilator in the intensive care unit as a serious emergency. Barotrauma of the lung associated with scuba diving may also result in coughing up blood after diving. Barotrauma is divided into two categories according to the severity of the disease. Acute barotrauma is also called acute and chronic barotrauma is also called chronic.

Symptoms Of Ear Barotrauma:

Common symptoms of ear Barotrauma include severe pain in the ear, closing of the ear, feeling of heavy or stuffy ears (this symptom can be overcome by chewing gum in the meantime), in addition to dizziness or vertigo, These include bleeding from the ear and discharge of fluid. If fluid starts to come out, it could mean that your eardrum has ruptured. When the symptoms become severe and persist for a long time or there is severe pain or dizziness in the ear, it is necessary to consult a doctor.

The doctor examines the middle ear with a light magnifying glass (autoscope). This examination is called autos copy. In this examination, the eardrum is pulled inwards. The doctor drops a puff of air into your ear canal to see clear water or fluid behind the ears. If the eardrum does not move well, it means there is fluid behind the ear.


Overall, 54% of people developed ear problems, including deafness, Barotrauma, and ear infections. Individual ear barotrauma was observed in 75% of the divers individually. In addition, no significant studies have been observed in this regard in Pakistan.

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